Cardiovascular diseases include illnesses that involve the blood vessels (veins, arteries and capillaries) or the heart, or both - diseases that affect the cardiovascular system.
The cardiovascular system, also called the circulatory system, is the system that moves blood throughout the human body. It is composed of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. It transports oxygenated blood from the lungs and heart throughout the whole body through the arteries.
There are many risk factors that contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease. Some people are born with conditions that predispose them to heart disease and stroke, but most people who develop cardiovascular disease do so because of a combination of factors such as poor diet, lack of physical activity and smoking, to name just three. The more risk factors you expose yourself to, the higher the chance of developing cardiovascular disease.
To avoid developing cardiovascular disease, follow these four tips:
1. Keep your A (A1C), B (Blood pressure), Cs (Cholesterol) in check.
2. Be physically active and maintain a healthy body weight. Any exercise is good exercise. Try for 30 minutes of moderate exercise, even a brisk walk can everyday can show long term health benefits.
3. Eat wisely. Cut back on foods high in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol, such as butter, eggs, meat, and whole milk. Eat more foods high in fiber like fruits, vegetables, and whole grain breads.
4. Do not smoke, and if you do smoke, quit.